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Ruegeria sp. TM1040

Ecology and Physiology

Some Roseobacter species have developed close associations with dinoflagellates and phytoplankton (Alavi et al. 2001, Miller and Belas 2003), and these interactions may influence both the rate of primary production and the fate of fixed carbon in the surface ocean. Ruegeria sp. TM1040 was isolated from the phycosphere of the dinoflagellate Pfiesteria piscicida cell (Miller and Belas 2004). Axenic cultures of P. piscicida grow poorly (and ultimately die), while adding back TM1040 restores normal growth. The Pfiesteria/TM1040 association is the only known "obligate" association between a dinoflagellate and a culturable bacterium. Additionally, TM1040 metabolizes the dinoflagellate secondary metabolite dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) via demethylation to methylmercaptopropionic acid (MMPA). Studies of the TM1040 genome will lead to better understanding of the cellular, physiological, and molecular strategies of this environmentally significant prokaryote and improve the understanding of the ecological interactions between bacteria and eukaryotic partner cells.

For NCBI Genome Page, click here.

General features of the Ruegeria sp. strain TM1040
Total number of coding sequences 3,864
G + C content (%) 60.0
No. of rRNA operons 5
No. of replicons 3
Molecule length by replicon (bp)  
Main chromosome 3,201,640
Megaplasmid 823,032
Plasmid 131,885
No. of coding sequences  
Main chromosome 3,013
Megaplasmid 747
Plasmid 103
G + C content by replicon (%)  
Main chromosome 60.4
Megaplasmid 59.3
Plasmid 55.3
No. of rRNA operons by replicon  
Main chromosome 1
Megaplasmid 3
Plasmid 1
Sequence status Completed

Department of Energy

Roseobacter Genomes
* Genomes available in GBrowse

Completed Genomes

Dinoroseobacter shibae DFL 12 Roseobacter denitrificans OCh 114
Jannaschia sp. CCS1 Ruegeria pomeroyi DSS-3
Phaeobacter gallaeciensis 2.10 Ruegeria sp. TM1040
Phaeobacter gallaeciensis DSM17395 (BS107)  

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University of Georgia
Marine Sciences
Athens, GA 30602